Chemical elements
  Nickel
    History
    Occurrence
    Isotopes
    Energy
    Production
    Preparation
    Application
    Catalyst
    Physical Properties
    Compounds
    PDB 1a5n-1g2a
    PDB 1g3v-1mn0
    PDB 1mro-1s9b
    PDB 1scr-1xmk
    PDB 1xu1-2cg5
    PDB 2cqz-2jih
    PDB 2jk8-2v4b
    PDB 2vbq-3c2q
    PDB 3c6c-3h85
    PDB 3hdp-3kvb
    PDB 3l1m-3o00
    PDB 3o01-4ubp
    PDB 8icl-9ant

Nickel Applications





Applications

Nickel is used in many industrial and consumer products utilizing its properties to provide corrosion and hot-resistance to steels and other alloys. Because of its permanence in air and its inertness to oxidation, it is used in coins, for plating iron, brass, etc., for chemical apparatus, and in certain alloys, such as Monel metal (Ni, Cu, Fe, Mn), commonly used in manufacturing of chemical apparatus, shipbuilding, settlers and lids production; nichrome and chromel used in wire with a melting point that will give high performance, particularly suited to heavy duty rheostats and controls that require compact resistance; invar (Ni, Fe), known for its unique properties of controlled coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE), due to which it is used in precision instruments (clocks, physics laboratory devices, seismic creep gauges, shadow-mask frames, valves in motors, antimagnetic watches, etc.); permalloy (Ni, Fe), it has a high magnetic permeability, low coercivity, near zero magnetostriction, and significant anisotropic magnetoresistance; for this reason it is widely used for fabricating the thin pieces that are laminated to form transformer cores, sea cables and power transmission. Nickel silver is a metal alloy of a copper with nickel and often but not always zinc became popular as a base metal for silver plated cutlery and other silverware. Nickel is widely used in the production of coins; its industrial and technical uses include marine fittings and plumbing fixtures for its corrosion resistance, and heating coils for its high electrical resistance. Alnico (Al-Ni-Co-alloy) make strong permanent magnets, and can be magnetized to produce strong magnetic fields.

Nickel is also used for anti-corrosive and decorating plating, in which it is often replaced by chromium, and as a green tint in glass.


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