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Emission of Electrons by Nickel

A. T. Waterman, H. Schenck, C. Davisson and C. H. Kunsman, K. Hayakawa, S. R. Rao, H. Schenck, H. Nukiyama and H. Horikawa, H. E. Farnsworth, A. L. Patterson, E. W. B. Gill, R. M. Chaudhri, R. L. Petry, W. Espe, and P. Tartakovsky and V. Kudrjavzeva studied the emission of electrons by nickel; H. A. Barton, the emission of electrons from oxide-coated filaments; E. F. Richter, the emission from films coated with barium oxide; W. Distler and G. Monch, the potential of electronic emission from glowing nickel; G. Glockler, electron affinities; W. Uyterhoven and M. C. Harrington, H. A. Erikson, C. Hurst, S. R. Rao, E. Shearer, and M. L. E. Oliphant and P. B. Moon, the liberation of electrons by positive ions; H. B. Wahlin, the emission of electrons from hot wires; R. Viohl, the heat of condensation of electrons on nickel; C. H. Thomas, A. L. Klein, M. C. Harrington, S. R. Rao, M. N. Davis, B. J. Thomson, W. S. Stein, S. R. Rao, H. Nukiyama and H. Horikawa, K. S. Woodcock, P. B. Moon, P. Tartakovsky and V. Kudrjavzeva, R. M. Chaudhri, W. Uyterhoven and M. C. Harrington, N. C. Beese, W. J. Jackson, and M. L. E. Oliphant, the secondary emission of electrons from nickel bombarded by positive rays; L. H. Germer, H. Raether, C. Davisson and L. H. Germer, K. L. Horovitz and co-workers, T. Benecke', and E. Rupp, the diffraction of electrons by nickel; H. E. Farnsworth, C. Davisson and co-workers, R. W. G. Wyckoff, A. L. Patterson, and R. L. Doan, the scattering of electrons; L. H. Germer, H. W. Edwards, and E. Rupp, the reflection of electrons; C. Boeckner, the radiations emitted by bombardment with slow electrons; 0. Klemperer, electronic collisions; E. Rupp, C. Davisson and co-workers, the absorption of electrons; C. Davisson and L. H. Germer. the anomalous dispersion at 1.3 A. of electron waves by nickel; C. Davisson and L. H. Germer, the refraction of electrons; G. W. Fox and R. M. Bowie, and H. E. Farnsworth, and D. A. Wells, the energy of distribution of secondary electrons; and E. D. Eastman, the thermal capacity of the electrons; L. H. Germer, the electronic motions and gas absorption; R. Ruedy, the free and bound electrons in nickel; D. A. Wells, the energy of the emission; and W. Distler and G. Monch, the thermionic work function.

L. L. Barnes studied the emission of positive ions from nickel; A. K. Brewer, the effect of ammonia on the emission of positive ions; H. R. von Traubenberg, the range of the a-particles in nickel; and K. S. Woodcock, the emission of electrons from nickel bombarded by a-rays. J. K. Roberts studied the exchange of energy between helium atoms and a nickel surface; P. B. Moon, the emission of electrons from nickel bombarded by caesium ions; R. B. Sawyer, and A. Longacre, the reflection and scattering of lithium ions from nickel crystals; and A. Coehn and K. Sperling, the action on a photographic plate. W. G. Guy observed no radioactivity with nickel.

R. D. Kleeman found the ionization produced by the α-, β-, and γ-rays to be in the proportion 1.72: 2.67: 2.81. H. Pattersson studied the reflection of α-particles from atomic nuclei; and E. Rie, the penetration of radium rays. G. P. Thomson studied the diffraction of the cathode rays by nickel; J. A. Becker, the loss in intensity on transmitting slow cathode rays through nickel films of thickness 0.02μ and 0.04μμ, at 20 volts - it amounts to 1.12×10-4, and 0.047×10-4, respectively; and G. Fournier, the absorption of β-rays. E. Rie observed that the depth of penetration of radioactive recoil atoms from radium emanations is 10μμ. I. Curie and F. Joliot, E. Fermi and co-workers, and W. G. Guy studied the induced radioactivity of nickel. W. Arkadieff studied the electric and magnetic spectra of electro-magnetic waves; and Y. H. Woo, the Compton effect. A. Imhof showed that stationary waves are emitted by wires heated by an alternating current.

N. Piltschikoff said that nickel emits Moser rays capable of passing through paper, celluloid, or aluminium, and of decomposing silver bromide. E. Amaldi and co-workers observed no induced radioactivity with nickel. R. Robl observed no luminescence with nickel in ultra-violet light.

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