Chemical elements
  Nickel
    History
    Occurrence
    Isotopes
    Energy
    Production
    Preparation
    Application
    Catalyst
    Physical Properties
      Gravity
      Hardness
      Mechanical Properties
      Compressibility
      Plastic Flow
      Coefficient of Expansion
      Thermal Conductivity
      Molten Nickel
      Magnetic Power
      Thermal Properties
      Index of Refraction
      Radiation Energy
      Spectrum
      Absorption Spectra
      X-ray Spectrum
      Emission of Electrons
      Photoelectric Effect
      Ionization Potentials
      Conductivity
      Conductivity of Crystal Nickel
      Voltaluminescence
      Contact Potential
      Electrochemical Series
      Electrode Potential
      Over-voltages
      Salts Solutions
      Electrodeposition
      Nickel-Iron Accumulator
      Thermoelectric Force
      Peltier effect
      Thomson effect
    Compounds
    PDB 1a5n-1g2a
    PDB 1g3v-1mn0
    PDB 1mro-1s9b
    PDB 1scr-1xmk
    PDB 1xu1-2cg5
    PDB 2cqz-2jih
    PDB 2jk8-2v4b
    PDB 2vbq-3c2q
    PDB 3c6c-3h85
    PDB 3hdp-3kvb
    PDB 3l1m-3o00
    PDB 3o01-4ubp
    PDB 8icl-9ant

Spectrum of Nickel






Spark Spectrum of Nickel
The Spark Spectrum of Nickel.
Nickel salts furnish no distinctive flame spectrum, but J. N. Lockyer and W. C. Roberts-Austen, J. N. Lockyer, W. N. Hartley and H. W. Moss, P. G. Hartog, G. de Watteville, and H. Auerbach studied the flame spectra in the oxy-hydrogen flame; A. K. Russanoff, the spectrum in the acetylene flame; A. G. Gaydon and R. W. B. Pearse, the flame spectrum of nickel hydride, and nickel carbonyl; F. Warbel, the quantitative analysis of nickel alloys; and G. D. Liveing and J. Dewar, the spectrum obtained during gas explosions. It is possible with the aid of the electric spark to obtain the spark spectrum where the more salient lines are: 5716 in the yellow; 5477 (a, Fig.), 5156, 5143, 5115(η), 5100, 5081(β) the double δ-line 5035 and 5017, 4983(ε), and 4936 in the green; 4905, 4866, 4715(γ), 4647, and 4606 in the blue; and 4461, and 4401(ζ) in the indigo-blue. Numerous other lines are developed by stronger sparks. Observations on the spark spectrum of nickel were first made by G. Kirchhoff, and afterwards by W. A. Miller, R. Thalen, A. J. Angstrom, J. N. Lockyer, L. de Boisbaudran, J. R. Capron, G. Ciamician, J. Parry and A. E. Tucker, A. Cornu, W. N. Hartley and H. W. Moss, E. O. Hulburt, W. Kraemer, H. Nagaoka and co-workers, B. de la Roche, H. Slevogt, H. N. Russell, W. G. Duffield, F. Muller, A. G. Worthing and R. Rudy, L. and E. Bloch, A. G. Shen- stone, G. D. Liveing and J. Dewar, W. J. Humphreys, G. E. Hale and W. S. Adams, J. H. Pollock and A. G. G. Leonhard, F. McClean, J. M. Eder, J. M. Eder and E. Valenta, H. A. Rowland, J. Formanek, A. T. Globe, F. Muller, R. J. Lang, E. Demaryay, F. Exner and E. Haschek, W. E. Adeney, G. A. Hemsalech, O. Lohse, H. M. Reese, A. Hagenbach and H. Konen, H. Finger, and C. E. Gissing. A. W. Smith and M. Muskat, W. H. Fulweiler and J. Barnes, and E. O. Hulburt studied the spark spectrum in water.

The arc spectrum of nickel was examined by A. Cornu, G. D. Liveing and J. Dewar, E. Hasselberg, F. Exner and E. Haschek, L. Stiitting, H. N. Russell, J. M. Eder and E. Valenta, Lord Blythwood and W. A. Scobie, S. Hamm, R. J. Lang, S. P. de Rubies, A. Sellerio, J. Holtsmark and B. Trumpy, H. Slevogt, C. C. Kiess, H. H. Marvin and A. E. Baragar, P. Mesnage, K. Bechert and L. A. Sommer, W. G. Duffield, L. Stutting, and A. C. Menzies. The effect of pressure was studied by W. J. Humphreys, W. G. Duffield, E. G. Bilham, and B. T. Barnes; the ultimate rays, by A. de Gramont; the enhanced lines, by J. N. Lockyer, F. E. Baxandall, and H. M. Reese; self-induction, by G. A. Hemsalech, B. Huber, and P. Joye; anomalous dispersion, by G. Geisler; the effect of pressure, by B. T. Barnes; the Zeeman effect, by H. H. Marvin and A. E. Baragar, I. M. Graftdyk, W. Arkadieff, C. J. Bakker, H. M. Reese, N. A. Kent, C. Peterke, H. Nagaoka and co-workers, C. Wali-Mohammad, K. Yamada, and J. H. van Vleck and A. Frank; the Stark effect, by H. Nagaoka and Y. Sugiura, E. V. Condon, T. Takamine, and H. Lowery; H. Israel, the magnetic spectrum with short Hertzian waves, and the electrode luminescence in electrolysis, by W. von Bolton. The ultra-violet spectrum was examined by G. D. Liveing and J. Dewar, R. G. zu Dohna, A. Cornu, J. C. McLennan and A. B. McLay, R. A. Millikan and co-workers, L. and E. Bloch, R. J. Lang, V. Schumann, J. M. Eder, J. M. Eder and E. Valenta, F. Exner and E. Haschek, etc.; and the spectrum of electrically-exploded wire, by S. Smith, and R. Dechene; and the ultra-red spectrum, by H. Becquerel, H. M. Randall and E. F. Barker, W. W. Coblentz, and W. F. Meggers and C. C. Kiess. The qualitative or quantitative chemical analysis by the spectrum was investigated by A. de Gra- mont, F. Twyman and A. Harvey, J. Parry and A. E. Tucker, A. Schleicher, F. Twyman and C. S. Hitchin, C. G. Fink and F. A. Rohrman, and J. H. Pollock and A. G. G. Leonard. The absorption spectrum of the vapour was examined by J. N. Lockyer and W. C. Roberts-Austen, E. von Angerer and G. Joos, W. F. Meggers, A. T. Williams, A. L. Narayan, R. G. Loyarte and A. T. Williams, and A. T. Williams; an under-water spark spectrum, by K. Majumdar, A. L. Narayan and K. R. Rao, W. F. Meggers and F. M. Walters, M. C. W. Buffam and H. J. C. Ireton, S. P. de Rubies, A. W. Smith and M. Muskat, A. C. Menzies, R. J. Lang, A. S. King, and S. Hamm; nickel hydride, by E. Olsson; and the explosive spectrum, by H. Nagaoka and co-workers. The structure of the line spectrum was discussed by C. C. Kiess and O. Laporte, O. Laporte, J. Veldkamp, F. M. Walters, K. Bechert, W. M. Cady, W. G. Duffield, K. Bechert and co-workers, C. R. Davidson and F. J. M. Stratton, H. H. Marvin, J. E. Mack, R. A. Merrill, A. G. Shenstone, L. S. Ornstein and T. Bouma, F. Hund, H. N. Russell, M. Kimura and G. Nakamura, W. A. M. Dekkers and A. A. Kruithof, M. Sawada, A. L. Narayan and K. R. Rao, R. J. Lang, H. Purks, R. G. Loyarte andA. T. Williams, A. C. Menzies, A. L. Narayan, P. G. Nutting, L. Janicki, C. Wali-Mohammad, and J. E. Paulson, but no series spectra have been detected.


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