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X-ray Spectrum of Nickel

The X-ray spectrum of nickel was examined by S. K. Allison, A. Arends, M. Balderston, A. H. Barnes, D. K. Berkey, H. Beuthe, S. Bhargava and J. B. Mukherjee, S. Bjorck, H. Bohlin, D. M. Bose, G. B. Deodhar, V. Dolejsek and K. Pestrecoff, R. W. Drier, W. Duane and co-workers, S. Erikson, P. Giinther and I. N. Stransky, E. Hjalmar, M. Ishino and K. Kojima, S. Kawata, B. Kievit and G. A. Lindsay, A. I. Krasnikoff, K. Lang, A. Leide, A. E. Lindh, L. H. Martin, H. G. J. Moseley, B. C. Mukherjee and B. B. Ray, G. Ortner, J. Palacios and N. Velasco, L. G. Parratt, S. Pastorello, M. Privault, H. Purks, W. F. Rawlinson, B. B. Ray and co-workers, H. S. Read, O. W. Richardson and co-workers, F. K. Richtmyer and E. Ramberg, N. Seljakoff and co-workers, J. Shearer, M. Siegbahn and co-workers, N. Stensson, C. H. Thomas, R. Thoraeus, J. Valasek, J. H. Williams, Y. H. Woo, R. W. G. Wyckoff, and S. Yoshida, who observed for the K-series, α2α'=1.65860; α1α=l.65467; α3α4=l.6476; β1β=1.49669; and β2γ=1.48403, with the absorption limits 1.4890. M. Siegbahn and R. Thoraeus, B. C. Mukherjee and B. B. Ray, S. Bjorck, J. H. van der Tuuk, J. Shearer, W. Stenstrom, H. Hirata, S. Kawata, M. Levi, C. E. Howe, F. C. Chalkin, and G. Kellstrom studied the L-series; and B. C. Mukherjee and B. B. Ray, E. C. Stoner, R. B. Witmer and J. M. Cork, S. Bjorck, N. Bohr and D. Coster, B. Walter, M. Levi, and S. R. Rao, the M-series.

W. M. Coates, and O. W. Richardson and co-workers studied the emission of X-rays; N. Ahmad, S. J. M. Allen, L. M. Alexander, T. E. Auren, M. Balderston, B. G. Barkla and co-workers, L. L. Barnes, J. A. Bearden, J. A. Becker, W. H. Bragg and H. L. Porter, A. Hebert and G. Reynaud, R. A. Houstoun, G. W. C. Kaye, H. Kiessig, P. G. Kruger and W. E. Shoupp, L. H. Martin and K. C. Lang, J. Palacios and M. Yelasco, L. G. Parratt, J. A. Prins, S. R. Rao, B. B. Ray and R. C. Mazumdar, H. S. Read, and F. K. Richtmyer and co-workers, the absorption of X-rays; K. Grosskurth, and J. A. Becker studied the effect of a magnetic field on the absorption of X-rays; G. W. Brindley and F. Spiers, D. E. Lea, and B. Blochinzeff and F. Halperin, the scattering of X-rays; H. E. Stauss, the reflection of X-rays; A. J. Lamaris and J. A. Prins, and I. Umansky and V. Veksler, the dispersion of X-rays; J. Veldkamp, the effect of the lattice on the structure of the X-ray absorption spectrum; H. Kiessig, the interference of X-rays by thin films; S. Bhargava and J. B. Mukherjee, the changes produced in X-rays by their passage through thin films of nickel; S. R. Rao, the excitation of X-rays from the different faces of a crystal; C. T. Chu, F. C. Chalkin, E. Vette, S. R. Rao, and O. W. Richardson and S. R. Rao, the excitation of soft X-rays from single crystals and polycrystalline nickel; A. H. Compton, O. W. Richardson and F. S. Robertson, L. P. Davies, and U. Nakaya, the effect of oxidation on the emission of X-rays by nickel. H. S. Read studied the effect of temperature; and J. A. Becker, the slight effect of a magnetic field of 18,000 gauss on the absorption coeff. of nickel for X-rays of short wave-length; R. W. G. Wyckoff, H. Kiessig, R. Piedmiller, and H. W. Edwards, the reflection of X-rays from nickel; W. A. Wood, G. I. Finch and A. G. Quarrell, the diffraction; L. T. Pockman and co-workers, the intensities; E. Acends, the fluorescent effects; H. Kulenkampff, and F. K. Richtmyer and L. S. Taylor, the intensity of X-rays from nickel; S. Pastorello, nickel as a deflection lattice for X-rays; C. D. Cooksey, the radiation produced by X-rays. According to R. W. Jones and G. W. Brindley, B. B. Ray, and R. W. G. Wyckoff, the atomic scattering of X-rays is a minimum at the K-absorption limit of nickel, and a maximum near its resonance wave-length; H. Moller found that the K-doublets are split into two components by straining the metal. N. H. Moxnes, and P. Gunther and I. N. Stransky studied the analysis of alloys of nickel and cobalt; E. Wainer, mixtures with ferric oxide, and with calcium oxide; and W. Arkadieff, the magnetic spectrum of the Hertzian waves.

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